Sam Meyer: "Carbon catabolite repression in pectin digestion by the phytopathogen Dickeya dadantii" (Séminaire Interne de CRP)
Sam Meyer, MCF INSA UMR5240, équipe CRP
Sam will present the work published recently in J. biol. Chem. (Martis et al. 2021).
Carbon catabolite repression in pectin digestion by the phytopathogen Dickeya dadantii
The catabolism of pectin from plant cell walls plays a crucial role in the virulence of the phytopathogen Dickeya dadantii. In particular, the timely expression of pel genes encoding major pectate lyases is essential to circumvent the plant defense systems and induce massive pectinolytic activity during the maceration phase. Previous studies identified the role of a positive feedback loop specific to the pectin-degradation pathway, whereas the precise signals controlling the dynamics of pectate lyase expression were unclear. Here, we show that the latter is controlled by a metabolic switch involving both glucose and pectin. We measured the HPLC concentration profiles of the key metabolites related to these two sources of carbon, cAMP and 2-keto-3-deoxygluconate, and developed a dynamic and quantitative model of the process integrating the associated regulators, cAMP receptor protein and KdgR. The model describes the regulatory events occurring at the promoters of two major pel genes, pelE and pelD. It highlights that their activity is controlled by a mechanism of carbon catabolite repression, which directly controls the virulence of D. dadantii. The model also shows that quantitative differences in the binding properties of common regulators at these two promoters resulted in a qualitatively different role of pelD and pelE in the metabolic switch, and also likely in conditions of infection, justifying their evolutionary conservation as separate genes in this species.
Lien zoom : https://insa-lyon-fr.zoom.us/j/93523281569
Pasteur +0 ; Lien zoom : https://insa-lyon-fr.zoom.us/j/93523281569